01 Apr Easter Sunday, March 27, 2016
Homily by Archbishop Brendan M. O’Brien
Easter Sunday 2016
St. Mary’s Cathedral
March 27, 2016
St. Paul, in the Letter to the Romans, puts everything on the line when he says, “If Christ has not been raised, your faith is in vain”. With these words, he tells us that what we celebrate today, the Resurrection, is not just some event in Christ’s life, it is the event in his life, and, for that matter, in the life of anyone who believes in him. Why is it so important, and why is it so significant for us?
To believe that Christ rose from the dead is to accept that this world as we know it, this environment that surrounds us, is not, in the words of Bishop Robert Barron, the final framework of our lives. In this world, death is a fact; we see it everywhere. Nothing lasts. Everything dies and stays dead. The Resurrection of Christ challenges this assumption. His resurrection was not just a return to life; it was not the resuscitation of a corpse, as when Jesus brought Lazarus back to life, or the daughter of Jairus, or the son of the widow of Naim. The resurrection is of a different magnitude. It implies that God is up to something greater than we can imagine. Jesus takes on a glorified existence; he has a body, but he is not subject to the normal constraints of our life. He has passed through death to new life. The Resurrection means that death is not the final word. As St. Paul proclaims, “Death, where is thy sting?”. (1Cor.15:55) The Resurrection of Christ means that this world, the one we live in, is destined to be transformed into something greater: “new heavens and a new earth.”(2Pt.3:13)
In today’s second reading from Colossians, Paul sees the Christian person as one who has undergone a dying and rising in his or her own life, patterned on Christ’s death and rising. And this is indeed what happens in Baptism, when “we die to sin and rise to new life”. But, as the reading suggests, as does our own experience, there is still a struggle. We can easily forget our true destination as a Christian and live as if this life is all there is and we had better get our chunk of it.
The gospel which we have just heard proclaimed tells the story of the coming to faith of three of Jesus’s followers: Peter, another disciple referred to as the disciple Jesus loved, and, finally, Mary Magdalene. We see in the account how Mary Magdalene comes to the tomb while it is still dark on the first day of the week. It doesn’t say why she came, but any thought of Jesus’s resurrection seems far from her mind. When she sees the stone rolled back from the entrance to the tomb, she jumps to the conclusion that Jesus’s enemies have stolen the body. This is the news that she brings to Peter and the other disciple. When they come to the tomb, they see the linen wrappings, and the account says that the beloved disciple believed; but it says nothing of Peter’s reaction. Mary Magdalene remains after they depart, and, even when she encounters two angels, she still is mourning the fact that “they have taken away my Lord, and I don’t know where they have laid him”. It is only when she encounters Jesus in his Risen Body that she recognizes him when he calls her by name. The Risen Lord then speaks to her of how he is ascending to “my Father”, and then he adds, “and your Father”. In these words, he indicates the world to which he belongs and to which she belongs by her faith.
In the person of Mary Magdalene, we see a real movement in her grasp of what has taken place. She goes from being the one who rushed to tell the disciples that “They have taken the Lord from the tomb”, to one whom, at the end of the account, is able to proclaim to them, “I have seen the Lord”. While the beloved disciple is portrayed as the first to believe, Mary Magdalene is the first to proclaim the Risen Lord. (Apostola apostolorum)
If anything is clear from this account, it is, as Fr. Raymond Brown indicates in his commentary on John, ch. 20, that “the total scenario reminds us that, in the range of belief, there are different degrees of readiness and different factors that cause people to come to faith.” Risen Christ Eastertime p.65 We will see more of this in the Easter Season as we recount the different appearances of the Risen Lord to his disciples and their reaction. Only gradually would Jesus’s disciples be able to take in belief in the Resurrection; only slowly would they understand its meaning and what they were being asked to do.
Today, many centuries later, as we reflect on what the scriptures have passed down to us, we are confronted with the message that, by his death, Christ has liberated us from sin, and, by his resurrection, has opened for us a new way of life that reinstates us in God’s grace, so that we may share in the life of his only Son and be destined for Risen life ourselves. It is not entirely surprising that, like the early followers of Jesus, this news is too much for us. The celebration of Easter gives us the opportunity to once again enter into this central belief and hope of our Christian faith.
To sum up what I wanted to convey today, Easter is not only concerned with recalling the resurrection of Jesus and its impact on the lives of the first disciples. It is also about the meaning of this event for our own lives. As Jesus’s disciples changed, so, too, should we be changing. The sign that we are sharing in the risen life of Jesus is when our lives and actions undergo constant development.
Each year on Easter Sunday, after we have prepared for this feast through the observance of Lent, we are invited to renew our Baptismal Promises, which commit us to die to sin and to live for God in Jesus Christ. Hopefully, we come to see more clearly each year that this involves committing ourselves to struggle against our own selfishness and to respond to the needs of those who suffer from poverty and injustice.
During this Holy Year of Mercy, we are invited to carry this out in a special way, by practising the corporal and spiritual works of mercy as a sign of our commitment to carry forward the work of building up the Kingdom of justice, peace, truth, and love.
It is only with faith in the Risen Lord’s presence among us, and with the guidance and help of His Spirit, that we will be sustained in this work of carrying on the Saviour’s mission.
On behalf of all who serve you here at the Cathedral: Father Shawn Hughes, the rector,
Father Stephane Pouliot, associate, Deacon Blaine Barclay, and in my own name, I wish all of you a Joyous and Blessed Easter.