Sixteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time

July 23, 2017

Father Shawn Hughes



Homilies are never the creative act of one person.  So as we begin to post these homilies on our website I would like to state first and foremost that there will be nothing original in the following. My homilies are a result of my prayer, reading and study as it pertains to the particular gospel of the week.  Thus, I beg, borrow and steal from the wisdom of those who have gone before me and together with the Holy Spirit acting in my own prayer considering the needs of our particular parish community here at St. Mary’s, a homily appears by the weekend. If there is something that edifies you I can take no credit for it.  ‘Tis the result of the work of the Holy Spirit and those from whom I have gleaned wisdom over time.  If there is something that you might wish to discuss I am always available and would welcome any opportunity to speak about the Scriptures.  

God bless you.

Father Shawn



This week in the gospel we hear three more parables of the Kingdom of God from chapter 13 of Matthew’s gospel in which Jesus sketches the situation of the Church in the world.  The grain of mustard seed that becomes a tree indicates the growth of the Kingdom of God on earth. Also the parable of leaven in the dough signifies the growth of the Kingdom, not so much in extension as in intensity. It indicates the transforming force of the Gospel that like a little bit of yeast raises the dough.


These two parables are easily understood. However, the third, the seeds and the weeds, Jesus needed to explain separately.

Matthew uses a Greek term (zizania,) for weed which in the first century refers to darnel, a noxious weed, that closely resembles wheat and is plentiful in Israel. The difference between darnel and real wheat is evident only when the plants mature and the ears appear. The ears of the real wheat are heavy and will droop, while the ears of the darnel stand up straight.


When the householder’s slaves notice the weeds, their first response is to question the quality of the seed. “Master, did you not sow good seed in your field? Where, then, did these weeds come from?” (13:27) Implying everything that God does is good, the master replies that an enemy has sown the weeds.  The slaves are anxious to take care of the problem, to root those nasty weeds right out. But the master restrains them, saying that in gathering the weeds they would uproot the wheat along with them. He orders them to let both grow together until the harvest. Then he will send out his reapers to collect and burn the weeds and to gather the wheat into his barn (13:28-30).


In the clearest of terms, Jesus tells his disciples what almost every element of the parable represents: “The one who sows the good seed is the Son of Man, the field is the world, and the good seed are the children of the kingdom; the weeds are the children of the evil one, and the enemy who sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are angels” (13:37-39). Jesus does not, however, say whom the slaves represent.  Perhaps the slaves represent the disciples, or anyone who hears this parable and its interpretation.


Who among us has not questioned why God allows evil to continue to exist?  One of the principal motives of embarrassment for believers and of rejection of God by nonbelievers has always been the evil that exists in the world.


Who among us has not wanted to take matters into our own hands and root out the evil in our midst? The master stops the slaves from doing anything of the sort. For one thing, it is not so easy to tell the weeds from the wheat, and for another, their roots are intertwined below the ground. Rooting out the weeds would uproot the wheat as well, doing more damage to the crop than leaving the weeds to grow.

Jesus says that the reapers — not the slaves — will take care of this at harvest time. “The Son of Man will send his angels, and they will collect all causes of sin and all evildoers, and they will throw them into the furnace of fire, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father” (13:41-43). It is the angels — not any human beings — who are authorized to pluck out the weeds from the wheat.


St. Augustine, in reflecting on this parable said the field is, indeed, the world, but it is also the Church, the place in which saints and sinners live side-by-side, and in which there is room to grow and to be converted. “The evildoers,” he said, “exist in this way either so that they will be converted, or because through them the good exercise patience.”


There are wheat and weeds also in every one of us, not only in the world and in the Church, and this should render us less ready to point the finger. Our own faults should make us more patient and compassionate with the faults of others.

Jesus once said to St. Peter himself: “Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block (skandalon) to me; for you are setting your mind not on divine things but on human things.” (Matthew 16:23)  In spite of these strong words and Peter’s repeated failings, Jesus does not give up on Peter; rather, he entrusts the future of his mission to him and the rest of his less than perfect disciples.  As the truism states:  Every saint has a past.  Every sinner has a future.


The world’s great writers, novelists and poets give us no ultimate answer to the problem of evil’s origins.  The Bible tells us that Lucifer was one of the greatest of all God’s angels. His name, Lucifer, means “Light Bearer.” He was one of highest of God’s creatures; he bore God’s own light. And yet… he became the Prince of Darkness.  The reason?  Lucifer put his will before God’s will. He refused to obey God. He opted to go his own way. He defied God.

Jesus said the same thing to St. Peter: “for you are setting your mind not on divine things but on human things.”


One of the reasons evil exists is so that we can intentionally make a choice for God: so that we can intentionally set our mind on divine things and away from human things.  Because of our fallen nature, because of original sin, in spiritual and moral decisions, we incline towards selfishness.  That is why pride, anger, impatience, lust, annoyance, greed, jealousy appear on our hearts.  But at the first instance they are not sinful.  They are temptations.  We are given a choice.  If our mind is set on human things we give in to the temptation and let the pride, anger, impatience, lust, annoyance, greed, jealousy control us. We don’t resist them and sin occurs.


If our mind is set on divine things, we resist the temptation, pray a quick “Come Holy Spirit,” or if it is particularly intense, a full “Our Father”…or two… or more…and the temptation goes away.

A line from the Letter of St. James is very instructive here…James chapter 4:v. 7 says “Resist the devil and he will take flight.  Draw close to God and he will draw close to you.”
Another main subject of the parable, however, is neither the seeds nor the weeds, but God’s patience. If we look at the first reading and the psalm, both chosen to compliment the gospel, we see a hymn to God’s strength that is manifested under the form of patience and indulgence. God’s patience is not simply patience, namely, awaiting the Day of Judgment so as to punish more severely. It is forbearance, mercy, the will to save.   In Hope and Trust the psalmist cries out:  “Lord, you are good and forgiving.”


As followers of Jesus Christ, what do we do with the problem of evil? That’s one of the questions raised in today’s readings. Answering the question is a big problem for all of us. Just what do we do when it comes to ridding ourselves and our world of evil? The Scripture passages in today’s first reading and today’s gospel account suggest that we deal with evil as God deals with it, with patience and forbearance. Evil will eventually reveal itself and evil will eventually suffer the consequences it brings down upon itself. Sin brings with it its own suffering and punishment in this world and most assuredly in the next.  We need to trust that! Trust that through the suffering, death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ, the victory over evil has been won.


Evil can never get the upper hand unless we allow him to.


We have the choice.  Pope Francis has said “The line that separates good from evil is found in the human heart” The outside world is not what “makes us saints or not saints,” the Holy Father observes, but “rather it is the heart that expresses our intentions, our choices and the desire to do everything for God’s love,” or not.


Jesus was constantly criticizing  hypocrites who honour God “with their lips” but not with their hearts.


In today’s parable we are called to see the Church, the Kingdom of God and the world from the view of eternity. Hence, what Jesus says at the end of his explanation of the parable of the weeds should be a reason for consolation for the victims, and of healthy dread for the violent. “Just as the weeds are gathered and burned with the fire, so will it be at the close of the age. The Son of man will send his angels, and they will gather out of his Kingdom all causes of sin and all evildoers, and throw them into the furnace of fire; there men will weep and gnash their teeth. Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the Kingdom of their Father.”


There are no “quick-fix” and easy solutions. Patience and forbearance are necessary, and to have patience and forbearance one must have faith. This is what Jesus is calling us to have – faith in our heavenly Father’s plan, faith in our heavenly Father’s ultimate ways of dealing with us and with our world. We have to believe in God’s goodness and believe in His love for all that is good in our world. Reliance on God and acceptance of His ways is the only way we can overcome evil both in our world and in our individual lives.

Isn’t that the faith which Jesus modelled when he suffered His agony in the Garden of Gethsemani and as He hung dying on the cross? The Evil One tempted Him to despair.  But Jesus remained steadfast, confident that in the end, at harvest time, His Father in heaven would harvest the good wheat and burn the darnel. Dying, Jesus handed over His fate to His Father in heaven.
A key message today is that Jesus invites us to share in His vision, in His hope, and in His faith that in the end God will bring good out of evil if we choose to follow Him who is the way, the truth, and the life.


In this light a key Scripture for us is Romans Chapter 8:28

“We know that all things work together for good for those who love God, who are called according to his purpose.”  Not some things.  Not a few things.  All things work together for good – for those who love God, who are called according to his purpose.” All things.


The Chief medical Health Officer of Kingston has ordered that Masks must be worn at all places we gather indoors. That includes us here at the cathedral. We can’t supply everyone with a mask so please come with one. We would have a limited supply available for a loonie at the entrance of the cathedral.
Please read and observe the six key principles outlined below.

1) The key principle is that we come to Mass to worship God. Out of justice and exercising the virtue of religion we must give God what is God’s due. That quite simply is worship, adoration and praise. Thus, the absolute essentials of Mass will be included so that the Sacramental praise of God will take place and we will be exposed to one another for as brief a time as possible.

2) The second key principle is that the health and safety of parishioners, staff and clergy here at St. Mary’s are essential and require our utmost concern and attention. Therefore, the dispensation from the obligation to come to Sunday Mass by Archbishop Mulhall continues to be in effect. Those who are sick, elderly or have other critical health concerns should not come at this time. However, that is left to your discretion. Should you make the choice to come, knowing the risks, you are most welcome.

3) The underlying principle of all of our restrictions in isolating, physically distancing, wearing masks etc. is the common good as we live out the Lord’s commission to “love one another.” We are to care for each other and at this time we are called to be as prudent and careful as we can to protect the health of everyone else and ourselves.
4) The principle for the next few weeks will be brevity. The received scientific wisdom is that the virus spreads within groups who spend a prolonged period of time together. Therefore, we will be reducing the Mass to the bare essentials.
5) Singing is considered more dangerous than speaking so you are asked to please not sing at all throughout the Mass. I will not be singing either.
6) If you have any sickness, are elderly or have a critical illness you should remain at home. The dispensation from the obligation to come to Mass continues through this time of 30% capacity. Of course, if you choose to come you will not be turned away. We will continue to live- stream the Masses until we are back to a more normal arrangement.

The Chief medical Health Officer has ordered that Masks must be worn at all places we gather indoors. That includes us here at the cathedral. We can’t supply everyone with a mask so please come with one. We would have a limited supply available for a loonie at the entrance of the cathedral.
We will pray a shorter Penitential Rite.
The Gloria will be said not sung. There is to be no singing by the congregation during the Mass. Only by a cantor or as we have today a physically distanced choir in the choir loft…3 metres apart.
We will only have one reading followed by the Psalm
The second reading will be omitted.
The choir will sing the Alleluia on Sundays. During the week it will be omitted. Please do not join in.
The Gospel.
A very brief (3-4 minute) homily will follow.
The Creed will not be prayed.
There will be no petitions. Please prepare your own petitions and offer them in your heart during the Mass.
There will be no procession of the gifts.
There will be no regular collections at this time in the Masses. It will happen later. Ushers will be at the doors to receive your offering as you leave.
The Eucharistic Prayer will be prayed. This is the Most Important Part of the Mass.
The Our Father
Sign of Peace. This is a time when we won’t shake hands. Please do not wave to each other or give the two finger sign of peace. Neither of these reflect what is the intention here…You are recognizing the presence of God in the other person and praying they know God’s peace. The most appropriate gesture is a slight bow or nod of the head to the other person. You have seen me do this at the sign of peace to all of you at every Sunday Liturgy.
Please be seated.
Then the ushers will direct you to the place where you will receive Holy Communion. Please do not leave your pew until an usher has indicated you should do so.
Another usher will be close to the Communion Station to receive your Sunday Offering.
When it is your turn to receive Holy Communion. You will stand 6 feet away on the red line. The person distributing Holy Communion will say “The Body of Christ”. You will say “Amen”. Then move forward within arms length and receive the Host. Once you have received go straight out the nearest exit and make your Thanksgiving on your way home.
Aisles 1 & 5 will come forward to receive Holy Communion and leave by the side doors.
Aisles 2, 3 & 4 will go to the back to receive Holy Communion.
Aisle 2 will exit by the exit closest to the rectory.
Aisle 3 will exit out the centre door which you came in
Aisle 4 will exit out the door by the washrooms.
You are strongly encouraged to receive Holy Communion in the hand. Receiving on the tongue endangers the person giving Holy Communion and yourself, the person receiving Holy Communion. If you wish to insist on receiving on the tongue please wait until the very end as the person giving Holy Communion should sanitize their hands after each communicant. The usher will pass you by and will come back to you after everyone else has received. Please don’t leave your pew until that has taken place.